Cancer immunologists scoop medicine Nobel prize
Two scientists who pioneered an entirely new way to treat cancer have won the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
James Allison at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston and Tasuku Honjo at Kyoto University in Japan will share the 9 million Swedish kronor (US$1 million) prize.
The pair showed how proteins on immune cells can be used to manipulate the immune system so that it attacks cancer cells. The approach has since led to the development of therapies that have been hailed for extending survival in some people with cancer by years, and even wiped out all signs of disease in some people with advanced cancers. Researchers have flocked to the approach, and immunotherapy is now one of the hottest areas in cancer research.